Formula One (F1) cars are among the fastest and most technologically advanced vehicles in the world. Car enthusiasts consider them the pinnacle of motor sports. Nobody disagrees that with incredible speed and acceleration, these cars possess elegance and perfection that are definitely a miracle.
F1 cars are made by the racing teams themselves according to regulations set by the FIA, but design and manufacture can be outsourced. The car has a single seat, open cockpit and open wheels, with the engine positioned behind the driver.
Formula one car, the Ferrari SF90 is the sixty-fifth car made by Ferrari to compete in the Formula 1 World Championship. The car is manufactured under the new regulations.
Among the most obvious changes are those to the front and rear wings. The front wing is wider and boasts simpler aerodynamic profiles, while the rear is wider and higher.
The bargeboards have been reduced in height, while the front brake duct design has been simplified. The overall weight of the car increases to 743 kilos, including the driver and his kit, which must weigh a minimum of 80 kilos.
The front wing is one of the most important components of the car, it not only generates downforce at the front end, but also conditions the quality of the airflow at the rear, which is a key factor in producing effective aerodynamics.
Recent regulations require simplification of the front wing. The width is increased to 2 meters, which is exactly the same as the track of the car, while the number of horizontal elements cannot be more than five.
Vertical elements at the tips of the wings are no longer allowed and the geometry of the end plates has been simplified. The purpose of this change is to make the car less sensitive to the outwash effect when it follows other cars.
The 2019 Formula 1 regulations see the weight of the car increase by 10 kilos from 733 to 743kg. The fuel allowance for the race increases by 5 kg from 105 to 110. In addition, the minimum weight for a driver, including the equipment and seat is set at 80 kilos. For drivers who do not reach this minimum, their cars must take on ballast, which must be fitted in the cockpit area only.
The engine cover on the new Ferrari is much narrower to improve the aero efficiency of the car. Work on refining engine components and relocating some of their attachments has resulted in reduced space being used, allowing for a much more compact bodywork design.
- Carbon fibre composite chassis, with honeycomb construction, fitted with a halo protection device over the cockpit.
- Longitudinally-mounted Ferrari gearbox with 8 speeds plus reverse.
- Semi-automatic sequential gear change, electronically controlled with rapid selection.
- Hydraulically controlled limited slip differential.
- Self-ventilating Brembo carbon disc brakes (front and rear) with electronic control system on rear brakes.
- Push-rod front suspension. Pull-rod rear suspension.
- Weight with coolant, oil and driver: 743 kg
- 13” front and rear OZ wheels
- Cubic Capacity 1600cc
- Maximum rpm 15000
- Supercharging Single Turbo
- Fuel flow rate 100 kg/hr max
- Fuel allowance per race 110 kg
- Configuration V6 90°
- Bore 80 mm
- Stroke 53 mm
- Valves 4 per cylinder
- Injection Direct, max 500 bar
- Battery energy 4 MJ
- MGU-K power 120 kW
- MGU-K max rpm 50.000
- MGU-H max rpm 125.000